There are many reasons why people may not want to carry pregnancy to full term. Among the reasons are that the mother to be is a minor or there are factors like career advancement which may be derailed by the pregnancy. There are also times when unplanned pregnancy occurs. In such cases, abortion becomes an option.
Abortion is a medical termination of a pregnancy. This is intended to prevent the birth of the baby. This may through undergoing a surgical procedure which is minor or through medication. According to statistics, for every three women, one will, during their life, procure an abortion.
When to carry out an abortion
In many countries, abortion is normally carried out before the 24th week since conception. However, in the event that the life of the mother is in danger or the child may be born with severe deformities, abortion is allowed beyond the 24th week of pregnancy. The pregnancy’s length is computed based on the first day immediately after the last period. In the event that the length of the pregnancy cannot be determined with certainty, it is advisable to do an ultrasound scan. Abortions should be procured earlier.
When can an abortion be done?
Deciding on having an abortion. At times this may be a difficult decision. The decision to have an abortion rests solely on the woman. The decision should, however, be made after consulting counselor who is competent in pregnancy-related issues. Information can also be obtained from a general practitioner, abortion clinic and organizations that deal with abortion-related issues like Marie Stopes, NUPAS, and Brook. In case the woman has a partner, he should be consulted.
The first step is arranging an appointment to talk about the decision. It is during this meeting that the method of abortion is discussed.
With the method of abortion agreed on, the next step is to discuss how to handle post-abortion. In most cases, vaginal bleeding and discomfort may be experienced. This may last for a number of weeks.
Types of Abortions
There are two types and they largely depend on the number of weeks one is pregnant. There is surgical abortion where a vacuum aspiration, dilation, and evacuation is used or medical abortion. Medical abortion involves ending the pregnancy by taking medication.
Surgical abortion is ideal when the pregnancy is 9 weeks. When a pregnancy is in the 2nd trimester, abortion is riskier than during the 1st trimester.
Abortions are done by the gynecology, nurses, midwives, and other personnel trained.
Risks of procuring Abortions
The following complications can arise if abortion is not done properly. In extreme cases, surgery may be required if
the complications are life-threatening. The following complications may arise:
Regardless of the method used to procure abortion, the womb may be damaged.
Damage to the cervix. For every 100 abortions carried out surgically, 1 may result in damage to the cervix.
Bleeding which may be excessive. This is again 0.1%for every 1000 abortions carried out.
The womb may be infected and the remainder of the pregnancy may get stuck in the womb.
In conclusion, having an abortion may not affect one’s chances of not becoming pregnant again. Care should be taken because one may become pregnant immediately. It is important the necessary family planning methods are used to
Prevent pregnancy. Secondly, some states in the United States and countries have stringer anti-abortion laws. There is need to familiarize oneself to avoid being on the wrong side of the law.